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Molec­u­lar basis for Mozart effect revealed
Part of the article:

New research has revealed a mol­e­c­u­lar basis for the “Mozart effect” – the obser­va­tion that a brief stint of Mozart, but not oth­er music, may improve learn­ing and memory.

Rats that heard a Mozart sonata expressed high­er lev­els of sev­er­al genes involved in stim­u­lat­ing and chang­ing the con­nec­tions between brain cells, the study showed. The team, includ­ing the researcher who first pro­posed the Mozart effect, hope the results will help them design music ther­a­py treat­ments for peo­ple suf­fer­ing from neu­rode­gen­er­a­tive dis­eases such as Alzheimer’s.

The Mozart effect first came to light in a 1993 paper in Nature (vol 365, p 611), when Fran Rausch­er, a neu­ro­sci­en­tist at the Uni­ver­si­ty of Wis­con­sin Oshkosh, US, and col­leagues showed that col­lege stu­dents who lis­tened to Mozart’s Sonata for Two Pianos in D Major for 10 min­utes per­formed bet­ter on a spa­tial rea­son­ing test than stu­dents who lis­tened to new age music or noth­ing at all.

The find­ings sparked excite­ment from the gen­er­al pub­lic – spe­cial­ly designed Mozart CDs leapt up the music charts – and some scep­ti­cism from the sci­en­tif­ic community.

Cyn is Rick's wife, Katie's Mom, and Esther & Oliver's Mémé. She's also a professional geek, avid reader, fledgling coder, enthusiastic gamer (TTRPGs), occasional singer, and devoted stitcher.
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